Biography of Ram Manohar Lohia (1910-1967)
There were lots of freedom fighters born in India on that time when India needed high inspired and devoted worthy sons. Ram Manohar Lohia was one of them. He had been an enthusiastic patriot and great personality of India. He served his motherland and he suffered too many problems in his life while serving the motherland. Ram Manohar Lohia was born on 23rd March, 1910 in a family where he got inspiration from his parents. His father, Hira Lal was a patriot, and his mother Chanda had been a teacher by occupation. Akbarpur was the native place of Ram Manohar Lohia which is now in Uttar Pradesh. When he was ten years old, he met Mahatma Gandhi and got inspired internally by Mahatma Gandhi’s principles and ideology too much.
He had completed his intermediate class from Banaras Hindu University in 1927.After that, he went to Calcutta University and he had done his graduation in art stream in 1932. After completed his graduation, he did not stop his academic education. And Ram Manohar Lohia went to Germany for getting his Ph.D. degree. In 1932 he completed his Ph.D. from Berlin Varsity. He founded a student protest in 1928 in Germany. The main purpose of founding this organization was to get their rights, against the all-white Simon commission. When he returned from Germany, it was the season of war against the British rule. Then he participated in this war of independence which was fought for freedom of India.
In 1934, he joined Congress Socialist Party and fulfilled his duty for Congress Socialist Party. He selected as the first secretary of Indian Congress Socialist Party in 1936. At the time of freedom fight, he delivered many strict statements against the British government. For doing such protests against British rule, he had to go to the jail. First time, he was arrested in 1939 by the English. He wrote an article “Satyagraha Now” in 1940. Just only because of this article, the English again arrested him. Ram Manohar Lohia contributed in Quit India Movement in 1942.
It was the third time when he was arrested and kept in Lahore jail. He participated on the occasion of Independence Day on 15th August, 1947. After getting Independence, Ram Manohar Lohia started a mission that he wanted, Hindi should be an official language and he did many efforts for it. He thought that the English had made a big gap between educated and uneducated persons. He wanted to give the primary form to Hindi. He had been a great protesting voice against English rules. Until last breath, he fought for truth and honesty.
His contribution, which he did in the period of British rule, could never be forgotten. He did his best in the difficult atmosphere for Indians future. When Ram Manohar Lohia was 57 years old, he left away on 12 October, 1967 in New Delhi from this world. His pious soul left his body but in this current time too, he still lives in the hearts of peoples. Today he is immortal because of his contribution to Indian culture and civilization. In his reminiscence, there are so many hospitals and colleges that are named after his name ‘Ram Manohar Lohia’ in India.